How to overcome water scarsity?

Introduction :-
Hey guys! Today we are here to discuss about the water scarsity in India. Hereby we'll go in details about it's availability, quality, sources of it, many problems regarding it, etc. Then let's go for it. 

Water availability status :-
As we all know that our country is a peninsula island, it's majority of coastline is covered by the Bay of Bengal in west, the Indian ocean in south, the Arabian ocean in east. Still the water scarsity has come out as a serious cause of rid for us. From statistics and datas it's revealed that water availability per head in India was 3450 cu m in 1951. It's predicted that in the year 2025 the annual per capita availability of water ( i.e. 1800 cu m at present) will decrease to 1200-1500 cu m.

According to the data of 2011, Mumbai needed around 7950 MLD (Million Litters per Day) of water,  But now a days, the supply of water is around 3100 MLD (a huge downfall), but the city gets only 2500 MLD of water. This unbalance is due to many leakages in pipelines.

Delhi water Board can provide only around 2460 MLD of water whereas the demand is 2840 MLD. A study of the world bank says that Kolkata is the 4th worst performing metrocity in terms of hours of water availability among the 27 Asian cities with population more than 1 million.

Quality of the available water :-
The quality of available water is also not fit for the body. From the report of 1982, 70% of all available water in India was polluted. The situation is much worse today. It has arisen the problems of excessive iron, fluoride & arsenic water, which is now affecting about 44 million lives in India. Ground water is also contaminated by the industrial effluents as well as pesticides and fertilisers from the agricultural lands.

Priority should be given with no delay to create an infrastructure for water conservation in order to meet the agricultural, industrial and domestic demands of a population tripled of 1.3 billion in next 50 years.

How to handle water problems :-
Therefore, water management is a great challenge for the town planners, architects and builders today, not only in terms of quantity but also in quality factors. 

As water scarsity increases, alternate water providing sources are gaining importance. Sewage recycling, rainwater harvesting, generating water from humidity in the atmosphere are all, included in it.

Water recycling is quite simple, effective and economically fesiable solution to meet the water demand for drinking, bathing, cooking and laundry purposes easily. 

Opinion of MD of Ion Exchange Ltd. (India) :-
Mr. Rajesh Sharma, the MD (Managing Director) of ion Exchange (India) Ltd, says, "Our limited fresh water resources are being widely effected by the growing Population, industrialisation and pollution as well.

The water supply is limited as we are running out of water sources and availing additional facilities is very expensive on our part. Sewage recycle will be quite beneficial as it would help to reduce losses of water through leakages during distribution through public supply pipelines. 

The best way to solve water scarsity is to conserve and recycle water properly whenever and wherever possible. Recycling must be compulsory for all new industrial or domestic projects.

Apart from the watershed development, water recycling and rainwater harvesting, the management of water in agricultural fields (which uses 70% of the fresh water available) should be optimised through drip irrigation.

Conclusion :-
Even after thousands of attempts we can't prevent water scarsity and pollution until we are aware by our own. "Always do it yourself before advising anyone". We should always keep this principle along with us to resolve any kind of queries in our life

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  1. Nice visit once mine too

  2. Really awesome post bro... i appreciate your efforts...👍👍👍

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